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By: raZan raiHAn

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Friday, 26-May-2006 05:58 Email | Share | Bookmark
Kampung Baru, Kuala Lumpur I

nasi lemak
pak din tukang jam
dan lagi banjir
kacang putih.. 1980
Kali ni rai nk share bahan ilmiah plak ngan suma... hehe...
Kalo nk guna information kat sini, jangan lupa quote. Sebab ni rai yg tulis.
Baru pas submit assignment ni tadi. Okaylah kawan2 kite blaja sejarah dia dulu.
Sapa tak suka sejarah, boleh balik tido!

“… How can we begin to understand what the most significant features of our community, our place or territory? Although physical surroundings are important (landscapes, habitats, buildings), place is much more: it is a web of understanding between people and the environment, between people and their neighbours, between people and their history. Cultural identity demands that in a changing world, we try and hold to what is important from the past and adopt the best features of the new”
Davis, P. 1999, Ecomuseums: A Sense of Place, p.40

The Past
History of Kampung Baru can be categorized into two stages:-

Earliest days of its foundation until independence.
The British Government designated Kampung Baru with an area of 223 acres lying between Klang River and Batu Road in 1899. The land was designated to be a Malay Agricultural Settlement (MAS), which the ownership of the land is to Malays according to Section 6, Land Enactment 1897. The purpose of the British was to in calculate the learning of administration by creating Committees to administer the MAS area and also the learning of trades by producing and selling the agro-based products in order to be self-reliance and independence. To that effect, the Land Codes gave the inhabitant Malays and their successors the autonomy to administer the MAS area with support and advice from the Government.

As there were several constraints including financial and where the development was mainly from own sources (with some subsidies from the Sultan and/or British Administration then), there was not much development in Kampung Baru at that stage. The first building was a Girls School built in 1902 followed by the Jamek Mosque, which was built with donation money by the residents and Selangor’s Sultan. Still been an important landmark of Kampung Baru from 1909 until today is the Sultan Sulaiman Club.
H.R.H Prince of Wales did visit Kampung Baru to see the development of Kampung Baru. It had been recorded in 1933 that there was only 615 houses with 3562 residents. One of most important event in the history of Kampung Baru was on the 1st -4th March 1946, the first Congress of United Malay National Organization or known as UMNO (present government) as a reaction to the formation of Malayan Union by the British.

After independence
Generally, there was an attempt to improve the quality of living and the infrastructure of Kampung Baru. A conversion in the name of road from British to the Malay names was to reflect Malay identity. In 1967, H.R.H Queen Elizabeth II did visit the market where the community always gathered selling local products. The residents in Kampung Baru mingled with small businesses until today.

Small Business in 1970’s: Nasi Lemak and Rojak Mamat

Small Business in 1980: Kacang Putih
Images – MAS Administration

Unforgettable event which having its roots in Kampung Baru was in 1969 where the May 13 Incidence, an event of rioting, looting and killing, marked the beginning of unquestionable Malay special privileges. Other than that are the flash floods.

Flash Flood in 1974 (above) and 1975 (below)
Images – MAS Administration

Kampung Baru, after MAS was adopted and according to the present Committee member, was never been administered by the Selangor State of government nor the Federal Territory the Kuala Lumpur Municipality (DBKL) after Kuala Lumpur has been declared as Federal Territory on 1 February 1974, despite the land surrounding it falls under the latter. Thus, the prevailing status as Malay Settlement remains unchanged and it is too sensitive and political to amend the Land Enactments or Land Codes.

MAS Committee is entrusted to deal with (approve or disapprove) the infrastructure and building plans and its enforcement within the autonomy established. In addition, all transfers of land ownership must be endorsed by the Committee to ensure the MAS Land Codes were fully enforced.

gamba mmg dpt tak bapa elok. nk edit tak bapa sempat plak. macam ni la rupa gamba time submit pun

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